Water Supply System in Rural Areas, Romania

Description of Project:
Feasibility studies, detailed design and construction of water supply systems in rural areas within the framework of priority governmental programs as well as provision of a financial package for carrying out the works.
Numerous villages spread throughout the counties of Romania were provided with centralized water supply system. Even where water was available, it was not in compliance with Romanian drinking water standards, which are equivalent to those of the World Health Organization (WHO). The water supply systems in some rural areas were rudimentary wells meant for water abstraction, while others are supplied from river or other surface water sources.
From the social, health and environmental point of view, the program was implemented to provide water of WHO drinking standards to the rural communities. To this end priority villages in some 26 counties throughout the country were selected by the Ministry.
More than 500 water supply schemes were designed and executed in more than 700 villages, serving near 1mil inhabitants. Physical data: 175,000 m3 storage capacity; 450 pumping stations; 6,500 km of network. Required flow capacities are supplied in modules of 5, 10, 20 and 40 l/s, in various combinations.
Four possible sources of water (variants) were identified: drilled wells, drainage galleries, surface water, and tapping of existing mains. Each water supply system comprises the following main elements: intake (depending on source), pumping station, conveyance pipeline, treatment and disinfection (chlorination) plant, water storage reservoir, and distribution pipelines to public water points. Generally pumping stations, treatment and chlorination plants were provided as packaged plants in insulated housings, while water storage reservoirs are constructed from pressed steel sections.



Romanian Ministry of Regional Development and Housing